In return for these favors the priests were expected to acknowledge a quasi-divinity in the Lagid monarchs, and to perform certain ceremonies in their honor, both in their lifetime and after their decease.
This prince was the most enterprising of all the Lagid monarchs; and under him Egypt, which had hitherto maintained a defensive attitude, became an aggressive power, and accomplished important conquests.
The flow may have decreased later in the Ptolemaic period, and it is often suggested, on slender evidence, that there was a serious decline in prosperity in the 1st century bce.
A sophisticated banking system underpinned this practice, operating again with a mixture of direct royal control and private enterprise and handling both private financial transactions and those that directed money into and out of the royal coffers.
The honest but incompetent Tlepolemus succeeded as regent; but in the critical circumstances wherein Egypt was now placed by the league of Antiochus with Philip of Macedon see Book IV. The reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor — bcea man of pious and magnanimous character, was marked by renewed conflict with the Seleucids after the death of his mother, Cleopatra Iin bce.
But there is evidence that it lasted through a considerable number of years, and was only brought to a close after much effusion of blood on both sides. In the course of the 3rd century a powerful Ptolemaic empire developed, which for much of the period laid claim to sovereignty in the Levantin many of the cities of the western and southern coast of Asia Minor, in some of the Aegean islands, and in a handful of towns in Thrace, as well as in Cyprus and Cyrene.
He further repudiated Cleopatra, his sister, though she had borne him a son, Memphitis, and took to wife her daughter, called also Cleopatra, the child of his brother, Philometor.
Historians reckon nine Ptolemies after Euergetes. Having become king in this way, his first act was the murder of his nephew. In the last battle, however, which was fought near Antioch, lie was thrown from his horse, and lost his life, B. This army was located in, comparatively, a few spots, so that its presence was not much felt by the great bulk of the population.
He led the Egyptians in multiple wars that granted Egypt supreme naval control using the mite of their superior navy. The affairs of Egypt during his minority were, at first, administered by the infamous Agathocles, who, however, soon fell a victim to the popular fury, together with his sister, his mother, and his whole family.
The reign of Lathyrus, which commenced B. Family connections and dynastic alliances, especially between the Ptolemies and the neighbouring Seleucidsplayed an important role in these imperialistic ambitions.
The fame of Philadelphus depends, however, far less upon his military exploits, or his talents for organization and administration, than upon his efforts in the cause of learning. The same purpose may be seen in the later dissemination of the romantic myth that gave him an Egyptian parentage by linking his mother, Olympias, with the last king, Nectanebo II.
The system of government established by Ptolemy Lagi, so far as it can be made out was the following.
Thus Egypt lost in this reign the whole of her foreign possessions except Cyprus and the Cyrenaica-losses which were never recovered. To this princess, who bore him no children, he continued tenderly attached, taking in reference to her the epithet "Philadelphus," and honoring her by giving her name to several of the cities which he build and erecting to her memory a magnificent monument at Alexandria, which was known as the Arsinoeum.
It was the wealthiest, however, and for much of the next years the most powerful politically and culturally, and it was the last to fall directly under Roman dominion. Shortly after this the monarch appears to have quarreled with his minister and late guardian, Aristomenes, whom he barbarously removed by poison.
He further even engaged, himself, in literary pursuits, composing tragedies and poems of various kinds. Scholarship flourished, preserving and ordering the manuscript traditions of much of the classical literature from Homer onward.
Alexandrian glassware and jewelry were particularly fine, Greek-style sculpture of the late Ptolemaic period shows especial excellence, and it is likely that the city was also the major production centre for high-quality mosaic work.
Their invasion of Syria quickly brought upon them the vengeance of Antiochus, who defeated their forces at Pelusium, B. A further disintegration of the empire was the consequence. They would also be forced to reign with co-regents which resulted in fighting amongst the royal families within Egypt.
The Ptolemaic dynasty Until the day when he openly assumed an independent kingship as Ptolemy I Soter, on November 7, bce, Ptolemy used only the title satrap of Egypt, but the great hieroglyphic Satrap stela, which he had inscribed in bce, indicates a degree of.
The Ptolemaic Dynasty was the 32nd and last dynasty in Ancient Egypt.
The rulers were members of the Ptolemaic family, a Macedonian family that had ties to Alexander the Great. Their rule lasted from BC to 30 BC for a total of years. The Ptolemaic dynasty controlled Egypt for almost three centuries ( – 30 BCE), eventually falling to the Romans.
Oddly, while they ruled Egypt they never became Egyptian. Instead, they isolated themselves in the capital city of Alexandria, a city envisioned by Alexander the Great.
On the death of Alexander’s last heirs, his conquests were divided among his generals: the Ptolemaic dynasty begins in B.C., when one of Alexander’s generals, Ptolemy, became Ptolemy I of Egypt. In ancient Egypt: The Ptolemaic dynasty.
Until the day when he openly assumed an independent kingship as Ptolemy I Soter, on November 7, bce, Ptolemy used only the title satrap of Egypt, but the great hieroglyphic Satrap stela, which he had inscribed in bce, indicates a degree.
Read More; arts. Egyptian art. The fourteen kings of this dynasty were all called Ptolemy and are numbered by modern historians I to XV (Ptolemy VII never reigned). A remarkable aspect of the Ptolemaic monarchy was the prominence of women (seven queens named Cleopatra and four Berenices), who rose to power when their sons or brothers were too young.The ptomelic dynasty