The true understanding of Gaius is obscured by the uncertainty of the chronological order of his measures in and When the head measured an astonishing seventeen and two-thirds pounds, it was discovered that Septimuleius, who brought the head, committed fraud by removing the brain and pouring in molten lead and therefore received no reward at all.
As tribune, he had many issues he wanted to cover, such as political reforms and social equality issues. The true understanding of Gaius is obscured by the uncertainty of the chronological order of his measures in and These changes could be felt long after the death of the Gracchi, which is evident in the powerful political armies of Marius and Sulla.
It can be supposed, however, that both the Gracchi brothers would have come into contact with powerful members of both the Claudii and Cornelii Scipiones factions. Among the business classes, who had nothing more to gain from Gaius, his support was weakened by the alienation of the numerous corn merchants whose profits had been decreased.
Though his arguments were valid and intentions good, the way Tiberius went about his reforms was treasonous. The contentious tone forecast a vigorous politician, and his candidacy for the tribunate of brought out great crowds of voters, though the opposition of family enemies prevented him from receiving the highest number of votes.
He began with a demonstration against the enemies of Tiberius: He was heavily influenced both by the reformative policy of his older brother, and by his death at the hands of a senatorial mob.
Now landless farmers flooded the city of Rome, creating an even larger population of urban poor. This led to commanders such as Marius and Sulla commanding powerful armies with political weight.
When he was in power for the first time, he had his eyes on revenge for his assassinated brother, Tiberius. Altogether, opposed by senatorial opinion and shorn of his equestrian supporters, Gaius was a more isolated and a more demagogic figure than in Like much of Italy to the north, the island of Sicily had consisted predominately of patrician-owned large agricultural estates, which they had acquired through questionable means.
Thus, Gaius became an opponent of senatorial influence. After the Second Punic War, the Senate became the supreme power and as a result, many changes occurred throughout Rome. He began with a demonstration against the enemies of Tiberius: On the following morning, with much showboating, the body of Antyllius was presented to the Senate as indicative of the measures Gaius would take.
Gaius, much more somber, paused in front of the statue of his father on his way out of the Forum, and, weeping, went homeward. When he was elected consul, and after spending two years in Sardinia, he was elected Tribune of the Plebs after getting elected twice in and BC.
He illegally passed a bill kicking that tribune from office while illegally running for reelection and then passed his land bill again. Mainly, he attempted to give Roman citizenship to all Italians.
The populist government of the Gracchi had come to an end by violence; and this provided a brutal precedent that would be followed by many future rulers of Rome.
Cornelia Africanadaughter of Scipio Africanushimself considered a hero by the Roman populace for his part in the war against Carthage. But, despite minor confusions, it is clear that Gaius completed the whole of his program that touched the government of the Roman state before he turned to a different problem—the relationship between Rome and its Italian allies—early in his second tribunate and that his bill for the extension of the franchise to the independent peoples of Italy was his last legislative proposal.
During the proscriptions of the Second Triumviratethe slaves endured torture so as to protect their master, the master seeing this came out of hiding to spare his slaves further pain and was executed.
Perhaps motivated by the fate of his brother, some of his earliest reforms dealt with the judiciary system. This attention to detail is the hallmark of all the work done by Gaius about which there is any substantial information. Many believed that the reason why Tiberius was making land reforms in favor of the peasants was so he could advance his own career by taking advantage of popular unrest.
While Tiberius was running illegally, since consecutive offices could not be held as tribune a second time, a mob was formed by his cousin Scipio Nasica, which beat him to death in the forum.
The judiciary law of Gaius excluded senators from the juries altogether and replaced them with Roman knights, wealthy nonpolitical Romans who were expected to be more impartial.
Opimius, a staunch conservative and oligarchical man who wanted to restore power to the Senate, had garnered a significant following and stood poised to challenge Gaius directly. Most became day-laborers, barely able to support themselves.
The great reforms they sought to carry out were the redistribution of land from the wealthy, who owned increasingly more of it, to the ever-increasing urban and rural poor Learn More in these related Britannica articles: When Gaius cast his scorn on Antyllius, his supporters took it as a sign to act on his behalf and struck Antyllius down.
Gaius refused and tried to fight back, which resulted in an all out brawl which resulted in a dead senator. The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Romans who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century BC.
They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major aristocratic landholdings among the urban poor and veterans, in addition to other reform measures.
The Senate was resistant to agrarian reform because its members owned most of the land and it was the basis of their wealth. Therefore, Tiberius was very unpopular with the. The Significance of the Gracchi "When Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus sought to establish the liberty of the common people and expose the crimes of the oligarchs, the guilty nobles took fright and opposed their proceedings by every means at their disposal" - Cicero.
The Significance of the Gracchi "When Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus sought to establish the liberty of the common people and expose the crimes of the oligarchs, the guilty nobles took fright and opposed their proceedings by every means at their disposal" - Cicero.
The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Romans who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century BC. They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major aristocratic landholdings among the urban poor and veterans, in addition to other reform measures.
Gaius Gracchus, in full Gaius Sempronius Gracchus, (born –? bce —died bce, Grove of Furrina, near Rome), Roman tribune (– bce), who reenacted the agrarian reforms of his brother, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, and who proposed other.The significance of the gracchi